Intellectual freedom has been one of the key themes in the historiography of libraries, and there are many others to explore. In fact, almost any theme in the broader flow of history shaped, and was shaped by, the work of libraries. For example, the spread of literacy, development of publishing houses, civil rights movement, rise of the space program, wars, depressions, and almost all social reform efforts manifested themselves in library history, as an overview of works by library scholars will show. Enjoy these notes about various themes in the history of libraries.
Note (December 23, 2020): The Role and Reception of Slaves in Ancient Roman Libraries
By Emily Banach
Author Bio: Emily Banach is currently a student in the MLIS Program at Syracuse University. She received her BA in English and Classical Languages from Binghamton University, SUNY in 2019. Her career goals are to work in either an archive or an academic library.
Intro from the Editor: Ms. Banach traces the role of an overlooked group of library workers–the slaves who served in ancient Roman libraries. These workers carried out tasks ranging from copying scrolls and retrieving items for patrons, to serving as department heads and directors, depending on their skill sets and experience. For some, library work provided a pathway out of slavery as they were rewarded for their diligence with freedom.
Ms. Banach discusses several specific slaves, including Tiro, the slave who stewarded Cicero’s library. Their stories help us realize that these little-known librarians likely supplied a great deal of the behind-the-scenes work that made the classical speeches and literature we have today possible.
This is a very interesting read, an eye-opening essay that brings much-needed recognition to the information work of an oppressed library staff group. Brilliantly combining her background in classics and library science, Ms. Banach has done an excellent job in translating Latin phrases, scouring the historiography for references to library slaves, and painting the background of ancient Roman society. Enjoy her full essay here: The Role and Reception of Slaves in Ancient Roman Libraries.
Note (May 20, 2020): Librarianship and Neutrality: Thoughts on the Core Values of Diversity and Social Responsibility
By Tara Peace
Author Bio: Tara Peace is currently working on her MLIS from the University of Alabama, having obtained her Bachelor’s in History from James Madison University in 2008 and her Master’s in History from California State University, East Bay in 2017. She is pursuing a career in academic libraries, with the desire to be a liaison librarian for the humanities. https://www.linkedin.com/in/tarapeace
Intro from the Editor: One of the central themes in the history of librarianship is the pursuit of neutrality. Librarians, it was said, should build their collections without regard to their own religious, political, or social views. In this thought-provoking, well-written, and passionate essay, Ms. Peace challenges the notion of neutrality as the core value of the profession, contending that library workers have never been able to be truly neutral, and that we should take diversity and social responsibility as our professional ideals instead. She makes a cogent point–half of the core values of the American Library Association already deal with social justice. She notes that “libraries can be pillars of social justice within their communities. By developing collections and showcasing displays that offer representation of marginalized groups, libraries will be able to highlight the rich diversity of their communities” (p. 4). And, it is possible to be socially responsible without being partisan. Find out more in Librarianship and Neutrality: Thoughts on the Core Values of Diversity and Social Responsibility.
Note (May 20, 2020): Female Librarians and the Civil Rights Movement
By Aspasia Luster
Author Bio: Aspasia Luster currently works as a Senior Library Assistant in the Access Services Department at Reese Library, Augusta University, Augusta, GA. She received her BA degree in Anthropology from Augusta University and is currently enrolled in the MLIS program at Valdosta State University. She enjoys learning about all aspects of library science and her current research interests include access services, information behavior, and the intersection of library history and women’s history.
Intro from the Editor: Ms. Luster offers a great tribute to the African-American female librarians who helped make libraries equal for all in this post. In this engaging essay, she begins by recounting just how segregated library services were in the American South– with separate facilities in many Southern towns, and, where there were no separate facilities, African-Americans had to receive service through back doors of white libraries. Outrageously, segregated black and white libraries were not even permitted to interlibrary loan materials to each other, as patrons of one race were not allowed to handle books from the other race’s libraries! Many African-American libraries received hand-me-down books and meager funding.
However, courageous, resourceful African-American librarians offered collections and services to their patrons by such means as raising money for African-American-authored books through community events like plays, and by creating “deposit stations” that widened African-American access to materials (these intriguing stations were similar to small reading rooms). Leaders such as Juliette Hampton Morgan and Mollie Huston Lee helped win the war against bigotry and broke down the rigid rules of separateness through relentless letter-writing campaigns and vigorous advocacy. Find more inspiration from these leaders in Ms. Luster’s paper: Female Librarians and the Civil Rights Movement
Note (May 15, 2018): The Evolution of Feminine Sexuality in Print Culture: A Look at Print Culture from the 18th Century to the 21st Century
By Samantha J. Huff, University of Alabama
Author Bio: Samantha Huff is a Book Arts graduate student studying at the University of Alabama. She obtained her Bachelor’s degree in English from the University of Alabama in December 2017. She is currently in the process of applying to the School of Library and Information Studies master’s program. Her career goal is to work in academic libraries as a librarian and also specialize in conservation work.
Intro from the Editor: I’m delighted to share an excellent paper composed from a book arts perspective! In her study, Ms. Huff traces changes in the portrayal of women in print culture over centuries, and how these changes both reflected and shaped cultural beliefs about women. Her paper features several advertisements from various time periods accompanied by analysis, as well as extracts from a variety of print artifacts. Ms. Huff has done a splendid job connecting book history with the broader culture. I hope the blog can publish more essays that use her approach. Most significantly, her essay accentuates the need for greater justice for women, which will entail using print culture as a platform for social change and advocacy. Check out her full paper: The Evolution of Feminine Sexuality in Print Culture
Note (June 28, 2017): A History of Christian Publishing in Grand Rapids: How Four Families Shaped an Industry
By Erinn Huebner, Wayne State University
Author Bio: Erinn Huebner is a student in the Master of Library and Information Science Program at Wayne State University. She received her BA in Spanish Literature and History from Grand Valley State University. She currently works as a para-professional in the Bultema Memorial Library at Grace Bible College in Grand Rapids, MI.
Intro from the Editor: “Beginning from humble origins in a small Dutch immigrant kolonie in Grand Rapids, Michigan, two families diverged into four Evangelical publishing houses that have, through shrewd business practices, financial frugality, and the sheer forces of faith and will, impacted the globe over the course a little more than a century” (p. 19). Ms. Huebner thus summarizes the historical significance of the four great publishing houses of Grand Rapids–Kregel, Baker, Eerdmans, and Zondervan. I found this paper fascinating because the story draws from original interviews conducted by the author with descendants of the first publishers; it chronicles a little known part of book history; and it sets the story against the backdrop of Dutch Calvinist immigration to the United States. Note in her paper the ingenuity and faith of the publishers: they utilized typewriters and mimeographs for their early production, clever mail ordering systems for distribution, partnerships with local colleges to recruit labor, and a chicken coop for a book storage warehouse! Ms. Huebner concludes that “authors and publishers alike deal in ideas—those which inspire, incite debate, educate and call for action. That’s what these four firms have done for a little over a century, and hopefully, with God’s blessing, will continue to do for another” (p. 20). Originally presented as a poster session at the Association of Christian Librarians’ 2017 Conference. Wonderfully done, Ms. Huebner! Read Ms. Huebner’s full paper here: A History of Christian Publishing in Grand Rapids
Note (August 22, 2016): Literacy and Libraries in Sixteenth Century England
By Christine A. Egger
Author Bio: Ms. Egger recently finished her Master’s degree in Library Science from Emporia State University’s School of Library and Information Management.
Author’s Introduction: The library is an important part of the community. People visit the library for a variety of reasons – to check out materials like books and movies. Moms bring their tots to story time to partake of a book and activities that relate to the book. Teens come and hang out with their friends. It wasn’t always like that. In sixteenth century England, libraries were not common and the literacy rate was low. In this paper, it is my intention to explore literacy and the libraries in sixteenth century England. For the purposes of this paper, “literacy” is defined as a person’s ability to read and write and “libraries” are generally defined as institutions, whether private or public, where literary resources like books, maps, scientific papers and historical records, are purposely collected and stored for protection and use. This paper will place the heaviest weight on studying literacy in sixteenth century England, and then spend some time describing the types of libraries that were prevalent in the sixteenth century. Click this link to read Ms. Egger’s full essay: Literacy and Libraries in Sixteenth Century England.